četrtek, 14. februar 2008

DRUGA UČNA URA / LA SECONDE LEZION

A` (B)OŠ KAVO? / VÛSTU UN CAFÈ?

Janez: Dobro jutro! Bundì !
Metka: Dobro jutro! Bundì !
Janez: Kako si? Cemût stâstu?
Metka: Jaz v redu, kaj pa ti? Jo ben, e tu?
Janez: Jaz tudi. A` boš kavo? »Vûstu un cafè?
Metka: Prosim! Vulintîr!
Janez: Evo! Ve ca!
Metka: Hvala ti, zelo je dobra! Graziis, ce bon!
Janez: Izvrstna! Res je dobra! Ecelent ! Sì, pardabon !
Metka: Oh žal mi je, moram domov. Adijo Janez!
Janez: Se vidiva! Adijo Metka!

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Besede / Peraulis

Tal sloven no si scrivin acents.
jútro (neutr.) – la buinore
si (2. Sg di BITI »jessi«) – tu sês
v redu – ben, apuest
kaj ? (pronon interogatîf) – ce ?
pa (coniunzion) – e
ti (pron. pers.) - tu
túdi (averbi) – ancje
prósim – par plasê, par cortesie // dal verp “prositi” (III. tant che “učiti« viôt L1) “domandâ (alc a cdn)”
èvo [εvo] – ve ca
hvála ! – Graziis !
zeló (averbi) – une vore // zelo lep “une vore biel, bielon, bielissim”
dòbra (adietîf fem. di dóber (masc), dòbra, dòbro (neutr.)
žal mi je – mi displâs // mi (pron pers. datîf) – mi
móram – o scuen // di MORATI (I.) “scugnî”

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Slovnica / Gramatiche

Glagol / Il verp

I verps si dividin in 5 classis:
I. par -ATI : del-ati “fâ”
II. par- ETI : videti “viodi”
III. par –ITI : učiti “imparâ“
IV. –STI, -ČI : nesti “puartâ“, reči “dî“
V. (i/a/u) –TI : popiti “bevi“

I. -ati
SG
jaz mora-m - o scuen
ti mora-š - tu scuegnis
on mora - al scuen

DUÂL
midva mora-va (dôs personis) o scugnìn
vidva mora-ta (dôs personis) o scugnîs
onadva mora-ta (dôs personis) a scuegnin

PL
mi mora-mo o scugnìn
vi mora-te o scugnîs
oni mora-jo a scuegnin





Pozdravi / Salûts»Dobro jutro« si dopre dome di buinore
Lassâsi a tu par tu “maman, mandi”
Adijo! (la peraule plui doprade)
Čao!
Živjo!
Ajd' živjo!
Drži se! [d∂rš sε]
Imej se! [Mεj sε]


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Izgovor / La pronunciazion

Salacor la robe plui impuartane e je sintî o scoltâ »il sun« de lenghe – i vôi o il spirt di ogni lenghe.
O cîr di no doprâ masse i tiermins lenghistics e di spiegâ lis robis cun peraulis semplicis, parcè che il sloven tant che ogni lenghe si pues imparâlu cence la cognossince dai tiermins e mecanisims teoretics – imparâ a mût di frut e no badâ masse a lis regulis, cussì o ai imparât l'albanês tal militâr cun masse timp a disposizion e scoltant la radio Tirana su lis ondis mediis.
Magari cussì no no soi la radio Tirana, ma:

Mogoče je najpomembnejša stvar, da prisluhnimo najprej »zvoku« jezika – oči al duša vsakega jezika.
Poskusil bom uporabljati čim manj jezikoslovnih izrazov in razložiti zadeve s preprostimi besedami,
Ker se lahko slovenščine ali katerega koli jezika naučimo brez teh izrazov in poznanja mehanizmov –
učiti se kot otrok in ne se obremenjevati preveč s pravili, tako sem se npr. v vojski, ki je nudila prosti čas na pretek, učil albanščine, predvsem s poslušanjem radia Tirane na srednjih valovih.
Žal nisem radio Tirana, ampak »
»

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Besede / Peraulis
mogóče - salacor
najpomémbnejša stvar - la robe plui impuartane
zvók (masc) - il sun
okó (neutr.), (pl)očí – voli / i vôi
dúša (fem.) – il spirt
vsákega jezíka - di ogni lenghe
poskúsil bom(, da / infinitîf) (1. Sg. futûr di poskusiti »cirî di«) - O cîr (di / infinitîf)
uporábljati – doprâ

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La pronunciazion dal furlan e somee a chê dal sloven:
- acent dinamic
- vocâls lungjis e curtis
- vocâls tonichis a son plui lungjis
- neutralizazion des consonants finâls
- nuie doplis : lis consonants doplis par furlan e par sloven a deventin ugnulis

1) Naglas / l'acent:
Tant che il furlan il sloven al cognòs l'acent dinamic. / Slovenščina kot furlanščina pozna jakostni naglas.
p.e. danes ['dan∂s], denar [d∂'nar], vrtiček ['v∂rtiç∂k]
Parvie dal acent dinamic al sucêt dispès, specialmentri te lenghe fevelade:
- La vocâl toniche e je plui lungje danes [da:nes]
- La riduzion des vocâls atonichis (cence acent) - tipic pal sloven
danes > dánes > dans > dòns (dialetâl, ma doprât ancje a Lubiane)
ali boš »sarâstu, vûstu“ > á bóš > áuš (lenghe fevelade)

2) La neutralizazion des consonants finâls
Tant che tal furlan e p.e. tal turc Mahmud > Mahmut lis consonants sonoris a passin a sordis
inte posizion finâl la sonore e devente sorde, tal furlan ancje esprimût te scriture tal sloven invezit NO:
Janez ['janes]
Matjaž [mat'jaš] (non tipic sloven, e non di gno frari)
Portorož [porto'roš]

3) l > [u]
la “ l “ finâl si pronuncie tant che [u]
žal [žau] »purtrop, magari cussì no«
te lenghe fevelade
–al > [-ou] o [-u] : delal [delau / delou / delu] »fat«
-el > [-iu] o [-u] : videl [videu / vidu ] »viodût«

4) la »v«
La »v« denant di un consonant si pronuncie [u]
vlak [u'lak ] „il tren“
vtakniti [u'takniti] „meti dentri“
Evro ['euro]


5) »LJ« [ l ] e »NJ« [n]
La »lj finâl si pronuncie [ l ]:
metulj [me'tul]
Kranj [kran]

6) R silabiche si pronuncie cu la semivocâl ∂
krt [k∂rt]
vrt [v∂rt]
srd [s∂rt]

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5 komentarjev:

Jaio pravi ...

Dobre utro,
Interessantissim. O ai sintût l'audio. Sfortunatamenti, cuant ch'a si scôlte, le pagjine scrite e sparís.
Mandi

Janez Erat pravi ...

grazie pai compliments, o speri che si podedi imparâ alc,
pal audio mi displâs ancje la mê vôs no je "masse" professionâl.

hvala za pohvale,
upam, da se da kaj naučiti, za posnetek mi je žal, tudi moj glas ni "preveč" profesionalen.

BESEDE ZA TEČAJNIKE /
PERAULIS PAI CORSISCJ
upam - o speri // dal verp UPATI (classe I)
da (co finâl) - che // upam, da = o speri che
kaj - alc
moj (pron poss) - gno // moj, moja, moje
preveč (averbi) - masse

triku pravi ...

Hvala Janez,
mi zonti ancje jo ae liste di chei che ti àn fat i compliments. Pardabon une iniziative meretorie! Magari e je la volte buine che in plui di saludâ o impari a mastiâ un tic di sloven.
Mandi.

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